Algorithmic culture

Kultura Współczesna. Teoria, Interpretacje, Praktyka
nr 1(104)/2019
Algorithmic culture

Algorithmic culture



Beer, David. „The social power of algorithms”. Information, Communication & Society 1, 20 (2017).

Bucher, Taina. „The algorithmic imaginary: exploring the ordinary affects of Facebook algorithms”. Information, Communication & Society 1, 20 (2017).

Galloway, Alexander R. Gaming. Essays on Algorithmic Culture. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2006.

Gillespie, Tarleton. „#trendingistrending: when algorithms become culture”. W: Algorithmic Cultures: Essays on Meaning, Performance and New Technologies, red. Robert Seyfert, Jonathan Roberge. New York: Routledge, 2016.

Jenkins, Henry. Kultura konwergencji. Zderzenie starych i nowych mediów. Tłum. Małgorzata Bernatowicz, Mirosław Filiciak. Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Akademickie i Profesjonalne, 2007. 

Nadler, Anthony, Matthew Crain, Joan Donovan. Weaponizing the Digital Influence Machine: The Political Perils of Online Ad Tech. New York: Data & Society Research Institute, 2018.

Pasquale, Frank. The Black Box Society: The Secret Algorithms that Control Money and Information. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2015.

Seaver, Nick. „Algorithms as a Culture: Some tactics for the ethnography of algorithmic systems”. Big Data & Society, 2017.

Striphas, Ted. „Algorithmic culture”. European Journal of Cultural Studies 4–5, 18 (2015).

In this brief media study the author explores supervision and control practices implemented through digital media by referring to anthropology of media and theory of biopolitics. The text focuses on algorithmized, software-based biometrics and the resulting databases, and it looks into scenarios of political and consumer control and supervision. The theoretical context for these reflections is discussed with respect to the post-media situation which results in biomedia practices, digital media placed close to human body and its organic sensorium (particularly, the face) as well as reconstructions of cultural codes that are attributed to human body and its vital functions. In his analysis the author refers to mobile applications and their software systems, while pointing to social practices that begin to develop around them.

Key words: biomedia, database, software, face, biometrics



Barredo, Daniel, Vincent Lienhard, Sylvain de Léséleuc, Thierry Lahaye, Antoine Browaeys. „Synthetic three-dimensional atomic structures assembled atom by atom”. Nature 561 (2018).

Boulos, Maged N.K., Ann C. Brewer, Chante Karimkhani, David B. Buller, Robert P. Dellavalle. „Mobile medical and health apps: state of the art, concerns, regulatory control and certification”. Online Journal of Public Health Informatics 5, 3 (2014).

Celiński, Piotr. Postmedia. Cyfrowy kod i bazy danych. Lublin: Wydawnictwo UMCS, 2013. 

Chen, Stephen. „China to build giant facial recognition database to identify any citizen within seconds”. South China Morning Post, 12 października 2017.

Husserl, Edmund. Idee czystej fenomenologii i fenomenologicznej filozofii. T. 2. Tłum. Danuta Gierulak. Warszawa: PWN, 1974.

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Metz, Rachel. „This company embeds microchips in its employees, and they love it”. MIT Technology Review, 17 sierpnia 2018.

Ożóg, Maciej. Życie w krzemowej klatce. Sztuka nowych mediów jako krytyczna analiza praktyk cyfrowego nadzoru. Łódź: Wydawnictwo UŁ, 2017.

Reardon, Sara. „Genetic details of controversial ‘three-parent baby’ revealed”. Nature 544, 17–18 (6 kwietnia 2017).

Thacker, Eugene. „Biomedia”. W: Critical Terms for Media Studies, red. William J.Th. Mitchell, Mark B.N. Hansen. Chicago–London: University of Chicago Press, 2010.

Thacker, Eugene. Biomedia. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2004.

Each epoch has its own technology that defines it. Nowadays these are microprocessor-based digital devices. Technological advancement enforces changes in communication methods, which in turn triggers a number of new phenomena. Another important feature that additionally distinguishes the present times are solutions based on algorithms and artificial intelligence effectively used by websites (search engines, social media), increasingly growing into the position of ‘non-human’ partners in interaction and as sources of knowledge about the world. The author
focuses on problems and social consequences of digital communication, aiming to strengthen critical attitudes towards digital technologies – often perceived as ‘transparent’ and therefore used uncritically. Particular attention is paid to phenomena which according to the author constitute an example of information paradox which arises as a result of simplified and automated digital communication tools. In this context the text discusses: information overload, solutions based on the system of black box, changes in bonding processes and in social experiencing of certain rituals.

Key words: communication, algorithm, automation, bias, information, social media, Facebook, Google



Andrejevic, Mark. Infoglut: How Too Much Information Is Changing the Way We Think and Know. New York–London: Routledge, 2013.

Gałuszka, Damian. „Unifikacja człowieka z maszyną – omówienie rozwoju wybranych interfejsów użytkownika”. Kultura i Historia 1, 31 (2017).

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Hoffman, Donna L., Thomas P. Novak. „Marketing in hypermedia computer-mediated environments: conceptual foundations”. Journal of Marketing 3, 60 (1996).

Johnson, Clay A. The Information Diet: A Case for Conscious Consumption. Sebastopol (CA): O’Reilly Media, 2012.

Krajewski, Marek. „Przeciwzłożoność. Polityki prostoty”. Studia Socjologiczne 4 (2013).

Kulczycki, Emanuel. Teoretyzowanie komunikacji. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Naukowe IF UAM, 2012.

Livingstone, Sonia. „From family television to bedroom culture: young people’s media at home”. W: Media Studies: Key Issues and Debates, red. Eoin Devereux. London: SAGE Publications, 2007.

McPherson, Miller, Lynn Smith-Lovin, James M. Cook. „Birds of a feather: Homophily in social networks”. Annual Review of Sociology 1, 27 (2001).

Pariser, Eli. The Filter Bubble: What the Internet Is Hiding from You. New York: Penguin Press, 2011.

Pasquale, Frank. The Black Box Society: the Secret Algorithms That Control Money and Information. Cambridge (MA): Harvard University Press, 2015.

Sarowski, Łukasz. „Od Internetu Web 1.0 do Internetu Web 4.0 – ewolucja form przestrzeni komunikacyjnych w globalnej sieci”. Rozprawy Społeczne 1, 11 (2017).

Sweller, John. „Cognitive load theory, evolutionary educational psychology, and instructional design”. W: Evolutionary Perspectives on Child Development and Education, red. David C. Geary, Daniel B. Berch. Cham: Springer, 2016.

Thompson, Clive. Smarter Than You Think: How Technology Is Changing Our Minds for the Betters. New York: Penguin Press, 2013.

Algorithms and their performance are a derivative of the efficiency of their design, quality of the data they use as well as the data that they tend to omit – intentionally or due to lack of access to it. Equally important are assumptions made by algorithms to fill the gaps in the data on which they work. As technological and social constructs they are reality-describing models which either remain visible in the process of data analysis or are pushed beyond the limits of our perception. The author discusses ways in which data can be made both visible and transparent, while diagnosing the sources of data omissions and their consequences.

Key words: algorithm, data, data visibility/transparency, proxies



Assmann, Aleida. Między historią a pamięcią. Antologia. Tłum. Zofia Dziewanowska-Stefańczyk i in. Warszawa: Wydawnictwa UW, 2013.

Awad, Edmond. Moral Machine. Perception of Moral Judgment Made by Machines. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Czerwiec 2017. 06/18/awad-ms-17.pdf.

boyd, danah, Kate Crawford. „Six provocations for Big Data”. A Decade in Internet Time: Symposium on the Dynamics of the Internet and Society. Wrzesień 2011.

Buolamwini, Joy, Timnit Gebru. „Gender shades. Intersectional accuracy disparities in commercial gender classification”. Proceedings of Machine Learning Research 81 (2018).

Cardon, Dominique. „Deconstructing the algorithm. Four types of digital information calculations”. W: Algorithmic Cultures. Essays on Meaning, Performance, and New Technologies, red. Robert Seyfert, Jonathan Roberge. London–New York: Routledge, 2016.

Crawford, Kate, Vladan Joler. „Anatomy of an AI system”. 2018.

Danks, David, Alex J. London. „Algorithmic bias in autonomous systems”. W: Proceedings of the 26th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI 2017). 2017.

Eubanks, Virginia. Automating Inequality. How High-Tech Tools Profile, Police, and Punish the Poor. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2018.

Gillespie, Tarleton. Algorithm (Digital Keywords). Culture Digitally. 25 czerwca 2014. http://

Gitelman, Lisa, Virginia Jackson. Introduction. W: „Raw Data” Is an Oxymoron, red. Lisa Gitelman. Cambridge–London: MIT Press, 2013.

Greenfield, Adam. Radical Technologies. The Design of Everyday Life. London–New York: Verso, 2017.

Magalhães, Joäo. Algorithmic visibility. Elements of new regime of visibility. Materiały konferencyjne. Kwiecień 2017. visibility_-_Elements_of_new_regime_of_visibility.

Mittelstadt, Brent D., Patrick Allo, Mariarosaria Taddeo, Sandra Wahter, Luciano Floridi. „The ethics of algorithms. Mapping the debate”. Big Data & Society, 1 grudnia 2016.

Sandvig, Christian. Seeing the sort. The aesthetic and industrial defense of ‘the algorithm’. „Media-N”. Styczeń 2014. seeing-the-sort-the-aesthetic-and-industrial-defense-of-the-algorithm/.

Wang, Yilun, Michał Kosiński. Deep neural networks are more accurate than humans at detecting sexual orientation from facial images. PsyArXiv. 7 września 2017.

The article presents reflections regarding creative machines which use algorithmic principles to create, such as biological algorithms, generative designs, neural networks, learning systems and deep learning as well as robotic tools. One of the most distinctive examples of an artist that constructs autonomous machines capable of creating artistic artifacts is Patrick Tresset and his Paul. The discussion focuses on the recurring question: Is the position of the artist in the times of AI still reserved strictly for humans, or can artistic and aesthetic values be also attributed to works of creative machines?

Key words: artificial intelligence, new media art, algorithms, robotics, creative machines



Benjamin, Walter. „Dzieło sztuki w dobie reprodukcji technicznej”. Tłum. Janusz Sikorski. W: Walter Benjamin. Twórca jako wytwórca. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Poznańskie, 1975.

Bostrom, Nick. Superinteligencja. Scenariusze, strategie, zagrożenia. Tłum. Dorota Konowrocka-Sawa. Gliwice: Helion, 2016.

Cope, David. Tinman Too. A Life Explored. New York–Bloomington: iUniverse, 2012.

Ficoń, Krzysztof. Sztuczna inteligencja nie tylko dla humanistów. Warszawa: BEL Studio, 2013.

Ford, Martin. Świt robotów. Czy sztuczna inteligencja pozbawi nas pracy?. Tłum. Katarzyna Łuniewska. Warszawa:, 2015.

Harari, Yuval Noah. Homo deus. Krótka historia jutra. Tłum. Michał Romanek. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Literackie, 2018.

Kelly, Kevin. Nieuniknione. Jak inteligentne technologie zmienią naszą przyszłość. Tłum. Piotr Cypryański. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Poltext, 2017.

McIver Lopes, Dominic. A Philosophy of Computer Art. New York–London: Routledge, 2009.

Sauter, Joachim. „A touch of code”. W: A Touch of Code. Interactive Installations and Experiences, red. Robert Klanten, Sven Ehmann, Verena Hanschke. Berlin: Gestalten, 2011.

Składanek, Marcin. Sztuka generatywna. Metoda i praktyki. Łódź: Wydawnictwo UŁ, 2017.

Stocker, Gerfried, Christine Schöpf, Hannes Leopoldseder, red., Artificial Intelligence. Das Andere Ich. Ars Electronica 2017 Show Catalogue. Berlin: Hatje Cantz, 2017.

Tresset, Patrick, Frederic Fol Leymarie. „Portrait drawing by Paul the Robot”. Computer & Graphics 37 (2013).

Wands, Bruce. Art of the Digital Age. New York: Thames & Hudson, 2006.

Zawojski, Piotr. Sztuka obrazu i obrazowania w epoce nowych mediów. Warszawa: Oficyna Naukowa, 2012. 

Zawojski, Piotr. Technokultura i jej manifestacje artystyczne. Medialny świat hybryd i hybrydyzacji. Katowice: Wydawnictwo UŚ, 2016.

The authors of the text argue that any relationship established between the code and analogue elements of the operating system should be recognized as a matter of aesthetic choice. According to them with free code writing, enabled by rising computational power, certain elements (procedures) of the work may become part of artistic expression as a result of the designer’s arbitrary decision. In contrast, in older installations codes had to be well-matched to ensure compatibility with the analogue components of the system because of constraints in computer performance. It was a relationship in which only these procedures could be applied which conformed to the architecture of the operating system. Consequently, the expression of such work was essentially a reflection of its structure.

Key words: software, electronics, expression, media art, Senster



Bomba, Radosław. „Senster (1970): Edward Ihnatowicz”. W: Klasyczne dzieła sztuki nowych mediów, red. Piotr Zawojski. Katowice: Instytucja Kultury Katowice – Miasto Ogrodów, 2015.

Calamia, Joseph. „Artifacts from the first 2000 years of computing”. IEEE Spectrum 5, 48 (2011).

Gardner, James. The Artful Designer: Ideas off the Drawing Board. London: Lavis Marketing, 1993.

Goodman, Nelson. Languages of Art: An Approach to a Theory of Symbols. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 1968.

Husbands, Phil, Paul Brown. „Not intelligent by design”. W: Art Practice in a Digital Culture. London–New York: Routledge, 2016.

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Nilsson, Nils J. The Quest for Artificial Intelligence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Olszewska, Anna. Senster: dzienniki.

Olszewska, Anna. Senster: o przedsięwzięciu.

Siciliano, Bruno. „Kinematic control of redundant robot manipulators: A tutorial”. Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems 3.3 (1990).

Walewska, Joanna. Portret artysty jako inżyniera. Twórczość Edwarda Ihnatowicza. Toruń: Wydawnictwo Naukowe UMK, 2015.

Webster, Robert J., Bryan A. Jones. „Design and kinematic modelling of constant curvature continuum robots: A review”. The International Journal of Robotics Research 29, 13 (2010).

Zivanovic, Alexandar. The Senster.

Zivanovic, Alexandar. „The development of a cybernetic sculptor: Edward Ihnatowicz and the Senster”. W: Proceedings of the 5th Conference on Creativity & Cognition. London: ACM 2005.

Zivanovic, Alexandar, Boyd Davis. „Elegant motion: The Senster and other cybernetic sculptures by Edward Ihnatowicz”. Kybernetes 1/2, 40 (2011).

Zivanovic, Alexandar. „The technologies of Edward Ihnatowicz”. W: White Heat Cold Logic, red. Nicholas Lambert, Catherine Mason. Boston: MIT Press 2009.

Algorithms – information – pictures

Political actors are increasingly using online algorithmic technologies to manipulate the public opinion more than ever before. With this in mind it is necessary to recognize the powerful possibilities that come with microtargeting, personalization of political messages and management of semi-automated social actors (bots). The basic research question asked in the article focuses on political rivalry. The author ponders on the extent to which political persuasive and manipulative actions, supported by algorithmic software of social media, fit within the existing perception of different forms of propaganda.

Key words: propaganda, political manipulation, mass self-communication, Internet, algorithms


Bibliografia (wybór)

Bentzen, Naja. Computational propaganda techniques. European Parliamentary Research Service, PE 628.284. Październik 2018.

Beretich, Thomas. „How Online Tracking and the filter bubble have come to define who we are”. Social Science Research Network.; http://dx.doi. org/10.2139/ssrn.2878750.

Cardoso, Gustavo. The Media in the Network Society: Browsing, News, Filters and Citizenship. Lizboa: Centre for Research and Studies in Sociology, 2006.

Castells, Manuel. Communication Power. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Chessen, Matt. The MADCOM Future: How Artificial Intelligence Will Engance Computational Propaganda, Reprogram Human Culture and Threaten Democracy… and What Can Be Done About It. Washington (DC): Atlantic Council, 2017.

Habermas, Jurgen. Strukturalne przeobrażenia sfery publicznej. Tłum. Małgorzata Łukasiewicz, Wanda Lipnik. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, 2007.

Hall Jamieson, Kathleen, Joseph N. Capella. Echo Chamber: Rush Limbaugh and the Conservative Media Establishment. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010. 

Jowett, Garth S., Victoria O’Donnell. Propaganda and Persuasion. Los Angeles: SAGE Publications, 2012.

Kossecki, Józef. „Socjotechnika propagandy politycznej”. Zeszyty Prasoznawcze 3, 53 (1972).

Nadler, Anthony, Matthew Crain, Joan Donovan. Weaponizing the Digital Influence Machine: The Political Perils of Online Ad Tech. Data & Society Research Institute, 2018.

Nyst, Carly, Nicholas Monaco. State-Sponsored Trolling. How Governments Are Deploying Disinformation as Part of Broader Digital Harassment Campaigns. Palo Alto: Institute for the Future, 2018.

Powers, Shawn, Markos Kounalakis, red., Can Public Diplomacy Survive the Internet? Bots, Echo Chambers and Disinformation. The United States Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy, 2017.

Pratkanis, Anthony, Elliot Aronson. Wiek propagandy. Używanie i nadużywanie perswazji na co dzień. Tłum. Józef Radzicki, Marcin Szuster. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, 2005.

Szpunar, Magdalena. „Internet – nowa sfera publiczna czy kabina pogłosowa?”. W: Media i polityka. Relacje i współzależności, red. Małgorzata Adamik-Szysiak. Lublin: Wydawnictwo UMCS, 2014.

Woolley, Samuel C., Philip N. Howard. „Political communication, computational propaganda, and autonomous agents”. International Journal of Communication 10 (2016).

The algorithm never blinks. The impact of the YouTube algorithm on social reality - Olga Kosińska

The article discusses phenomena related to the role that the Big Data technology plays in how culture is nowadays created and consumed. The subject of the analysis is Netflix, one of the video on demand service providers, and Rotten Tomatoes, a film review-aggregation website. Both services are recognized as examples of algorithmic culture. The author focuses primarily on whether – and if so then in what way – the thus understood algorithmic culture: 1) is functional with respect to consumption patterns represented by the so-called cultural omnivores in the context of modern attention economics; 2) contributes to changing evaluation standards for assessing cultural content quality and the status of professional criticism.

Key words: algorithmic culture, Netflix, Rotten Tomatoes, cultural omnivores, attention economics, quantification


Bibliografia (wybór)

boyd, danah, Kate Crawford. „Critical questions for Big Data. Provocations for a cultural, technological, and scholarly phenomenon”. Information, Communication, and Society 15, 5 (2012).

Cebula, Michał. „Współczesne formy kulturowych zróżnicowań. Przypadek «wszystkożerności»”. Forum Socjologiczne 4 (2013).

Hallinan, Blake, Ted Striphas. „Recommended for you. The Netflix Prize and the production of algorithmic culture”. New Media and Society 18, 1 (2016).

Iwasiński, Łukasz. „Społeczne zagrożenia danetyzacji rzeczywistości”. W: Nauka o informacji w zakresie zmian. Informatologia i humanistyka cyfrowa, red. Barbara Sosińska-Kalata, Maria Przastek-Samokowa, Zuzanna Wiorogórska. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo SBP, 2016.

Jenkins, Tricia. „Netflix’s geek-chic. How one company leveraged its big data to change the entertainment industry”. Jump Cut. A Review of Contemporary Media 57 (2016).

Jurgensen, John. „Netflix says binge viewing is no House of Cards”. The Wall Street Journal. 12 grudnia 2013.

Mayer-Schönberger, Viktor, Kenneth Cukier. Big Data. Rewolucja, która zmieni nasze myślenie, pracę i życie. Tłum. Michał Głatki. Warszawa: MT Biznes, 2014.

O’Neil, Cathy. Broń matematycznej zagłady. Tłum. Marcin Zieliński. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, 2017.

Pasquale, Frank. The Black Box Society. The Secret Algorithms That Control Money and Information. Cambridge–London: Harvard University Press, 2015.

Piekarski, Karol. Kultura danych. Algorytmy wzmacniające uwagę. Gdańsk: Wydawnictwo Naukowe „Katedra”, 2017.

Shepherd, Tamara. „Rotten Tomatoes in the field of popular cultural production”. Canadian Journal of Film Studies 18, 2 (2009).

Snickars, Pelle. „More of the same – on Spotify Radio”. Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research 9 (2017).

Striphas, Ted. „Algorithmic culture”. European Journal of Cultural Studies 18, 4–5 (2015). 

Szlendak, Tomasz. „Wielozmysłowa kultura iwentu. Skąd się wzięła, czym się objawia i jak w jej ramach ocenić dobra kultury”. Kultura Współczesna 4, 66 (2010).

Wu, Tim. The Attention Merchants. The Epic Scramble to Get Inside Our Heads. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2016.

On research

Community is a conceptual category that originated from social sciences. However, from the cognitive and analytical point of view no universal definition of the term is available. Problems arise with respect to the definition framework of the category and ambiguity of theoretical concepts regarding the function and substantial state of community. Ideologically, it is frequently perceived as a desirable state, which makes an axiologically neutral analysis rather difficult. Studies of the National Centre for Culture Poland show that sense of community is one of the reasons why Poles celebrate their Independence Day. The article discusses the idea of community attitudes based on David B. Clark’s analysis and the results of the 2016 and 2017 surveys of Poles’ attitudes to and opinions on this holiday.

Key words: community, individualism, participation, Independence Day, pride, solidarity, axiology, sense of importance


Bibliografia (wybór)

Bauman, Zygmunt. Płynny lęk. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Literackie, 2008.

Bauman, Zygmunt. Wspólnota. W poszukiwaniu bezpieczeństwa w niepewnym świecie. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Literackie, 2008.

Beck, Ulrich. Społeczeństwo ryzyka. W drodze do innej nowoczesności. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe „Scholar”, 2002.

Bednarek, Stefan, Bartosz Korzeniewski, red. Polskie miejsca pamięci. Dzieje toposu wolności. Warszawa: Narodowe Centrum Kultury, 2014.

Jacyno, Małgorzata. Kultura indywidualizmu. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, 2007.

Kopczyk, Michał, red. Wspólnoty opisane. Zjawisko wspólnotowości w perspektywie interdyscyplinarnej. Bielsko-Biała: Wydawnictwo Naukowe ATH, 2011.

Kwiatkowski, Piotr, Filip Jasiński, Krzysztof Jodłowski, Dorota Kachaniak, Urszula Krassowska, Grzegorz Liśkiewicz, Seweryn Rudnicki, Joanna Skrzyńska, Anna Trząsalska. Raport z badania zrealizowanego na potrzeby wieloletniego programu rządowego „Niepodległa”. Warszawa: Narodowe Centrum Kultury/TNS, 2016.

Maffesoli, Michel. Czas plemion. Schyłek indywidualizmu w społeczeństwach ponowoczesnych. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, 2008.

Mikołajewska, Barbara. Zjawisko wspólnoty. New Haven: The Lintons’ Video Press, 1999.

Modzelewska, Marlena, Zuzanna Maciejczak, Tomasz Kukołowicz, Rafał Wiśniewski. Świętowanie Niepodległości 11 listopada 2017 roku. Warszawa: Narodowe Centrum Kultury, 2018.

Śpiewak, Paweł, red. Klasyczne teorie socjologiczne. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, 2008.

Wiśniewski, Rafał. „Wstęp”. W: Piotr T. Kwiatkowski. Odzyskanie niepodległości w polskiej pamięci zbiorowej. Warszawa: Narodowe Centrum Kultury, 2018.

Wiśniewski, Rafał, red. Siłą naszego ducha jesteśmy. Eseje o Niepodległej. Warszawa: Narodowe Centrum Kultury, 2018.


Składanek, Marcin. Sztuka generatywna. Metoda i praktyki [Generative art. Method and practices]. Łódź: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego, 2017.

Key words: generative art, art of coding, digital culture, Marcin Składanek

Wiatr, Przemysław. W cieniu posthistorii – Wprowadzenie do filozofii Viléma Flussera [In the shadow of post-history – introduction to the philosophy of Vilém Flusser], Monografie Fundacji na rzecz Nauki Polskiej. Toruń: Wydawnictwo Naukowe UMK, 2018.
Flusser, Vilém. Kultura pisma. Z filozofii słowa i obrazu [The culture of writing. From the philosophy of the word and image]. Tłum. P. Wiatr. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Aletheia, 2018.

Key words: photography, Vilém Flusser, media philosophy, Przemysław Wiatr

Fry, Hannah. Hello world. Jak być człowiekiem w epoce maszyn [Hello World. How to be human in the age of the machine]. Tłum. Sebastian Musielak. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Literackie, 2019.

Key words: algorithm, freedom, human, Hannah Fry

Jaspers, Karl. Problem winy. O politycznej odpowiedzialności Niemiec [The problem of guilt. On Germany’s political responsibility]. Tłum. Jan Garewicz. Warszawa: Narodowe Centrum Kultury, 2018.

Key words: reconciliation, memory, guilt, reproach, forgiveness, Karl Jaspers